Class of 1975
1975 at a Glance
President: Gerald R. Ford
Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller
U.S. population: 215,973,199
World population: 4.086 billion
Life expectancy (U.S.): 72.6 years
The 1975 Academy Awards were presented March 29, 1976 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles.
Best Picture: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
Other nominees: Barry Lyndon, Dog Day Afternoon, Jaws, Nashville.
Best Actor: Jack Nicholson (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest)
Other nominees: Walter Matthau (The Sunshine Boys), Al Pacino (Dog Day Afternoon), Maximilian Schell (The Man in the Glass Booth), James Whitmore (Give 'em Hell, Harry!)
Best Actress: Louise Fletcher (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest)
Other nominees: Isabelle Adjani (The Story of Adele H.), Glenda Jackson (Hedda), Carol Kane (Hester Street), Ann-Margret (Tommy).
Actor in a Supporting Role: George Burns (The Sunshine Boys).
Other nominees: Brad Dourif (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest), Burgess Meredith (The Day of the Locust), Chris Sarandon (Dog Day Afternoon), Jack Warden (Shampoo).
Actress in a Supporting Role: Lee Grant (Shampoo).
Other nominees: Ronee Blakley (Nashville), Sylvia Miles (Farewell, My Lovely), Lily Tomlin, (Nashville), Brenda Vaccaro (Jacqueline Susann's Once Is Not Enough).
Director: Milos Forman (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest).
Other nominees: Robert Altman (Nashville), Federico Fellini (Amarcord), Stanley Kubrick (Barry Lyndon), Sidney Lumet (Dog Day Afternoon).
The other big hit of the year, of course, was Jaws.
Super Bowl: Pittsburgh d. Minnesota (16-6)
World Series: Cincinnati d. Boston Red Sox (4-3)
NBA Championship: Golden St. Warriors d. Washington Bullets (4-0)
Stanley Cup: Philadelphia d. Buffalo (4-2)
Wimbledon (Women): Billie Jean King d. Evonne Goolagong Cawley (6-0, 6-1)
Wimbledon (Men): Arthur Ashe d. Jimmy Connors (6-1, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion: Foolish Pleasure
NCAA Basketball Championship: UCLA d. Kentucky (92-85)
NCAA Football Champions: Oklahoma (11-1-0)
Record of the Year: “I Honestly Love You,” Olivia Newton-John
Album of the Year: "Fulfillingness’ First Finale," Stevie Wonder
Song of the Year: “The Way We Were”
Saul Bellow, Humboldt’s Gift
E.L. Doctorow, Ragtime
Galway Kinnell, The Avenue Bearing the Initial of Christ into the New World
William Safire, Before the Fall
Anne Sexton, The Awful Rowing Toward God
Pulitzer & Nobel Prizes
Fiction: The Killer Angels, Michael Shaara
Music: From the Diary of Virginia Woolf, Dominick Argento
Drama: Seascape, Edward Albee
Nobel Peace Prize: Andrei D. Sakharov (USSR)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Eugenio Montale (Italy)
John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman found guilty of Watergate cover-up (Jan. 1); sentenced to 30 months to 8 years in jail (Feb. 21).
Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge take over Cambodia (April).
The city of Saigon is surrendered and remaining Americans are evacuated, ending the Vietnam War (April 30).
American merchant ship Mayaguez, seized by Cambodian forces, is rescued in operation by U.S. Navy and Marines, 38 of whom are killed (May 15).
Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft take off for U.S.-Soviet link-up in space (July 15).
NASA closes down the Apollo program and its “throw away” spacecraft in favor of the space shuttle project (July).
President Ford escapes assassination attempt in Sacramento, Calif. (Sept. 5).
President Ford escapes second assassination attempt (Sept. 22).
IBM produces its first “personal computer,” the 5100.
US GDP (1998 dollars): $1,630.60 billion
Federal spending: $332.33 billion
Federal debt: $541.9 billion
Median Household Income (current dollars): $11,800
Consumer Price Index: 53.8
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.10 ($0.13 as of 12/31/75)